本报时评:美利坚帝国正在衰落吗?

  • 時間:   2020-06-03      
  • 作者:   巴铁泽米尔      
  • 來源:   澳门法治报     
  • 瀏覽人數:  2679

不管是宣称的还是未被承认的,美利坚帝国的根源可以追溯到世界大战时期。194010月,在写给富兰克林·德拉诺·罗斯福的报告中,鲍曼写道: “美国政府对世界上任何影响美国贸易的解决方案都很感兴趣。广义上说,商业是战争之母。1942年,这种经济全球主义在秘密文件中被称为“大区域”。美国将不得不控制“西半球、欧洲大陆和地中海盆地(不包括俄罗斯)、太平洋地区和远东地区以及大英帝国(不包括加拿大)。”这个大区域包括苏联以外所有已知的主要含油地区,主要是应外国石油委员会和石油工业战争委员会等公司合作伙伴的要求。因此,美国避免了像英、法帝国那样公开的领土收购,因为这样做的代价太高,美国选择了廉价的方式,迫使国家向美国资本主义敞开大门。 

美帝国主义包括旨在将美国的政治、经济和文化影响扩大到其边界以外地区的政策。要么包括军事征服、炮舰外交、不平等条约、优先派系补贴,要么通过私营公司进行经济渗透,然后在这些利益受到威胁时进行干预,要么政权更迭。

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尽管美国是最后一个加入第二次世界大战的主要交战国,但它从冲突一开始就已经为战后世界进行规划。这一战后构想起源于外交关系委员会(CFR),这是一个由经济精英领导的组织,目前已融入政府领导层。1939年,美国联邦储备委员会的战争与和平研究小组向国务院提供了服务,并建立了战后计划的秘密伙伴关系。美国联邦储备委员会(CFR)领导人汉密尔顿·费什·阿姆斯特朗(Hamilton Fish Armstrong)和沃尔特·马洛里(Walter H.Mallory)认为,二战是美国成为“世界第一大国”的“大好机会”。 

帝国的最初设想是,在二战后,美国必须“管理世界”。这主要不是出于利他主义,而是出于经济利益。 

比美国世纪或美国和平时期更好的是,美国勒本斯劳姆的概念抓住了美国掌权的特定历史地理和全球历史地理。第二次世界大战后,全球力量将不再以殖民地或对领土的影响来衡量。取而代之的是,全球力量是以经济术语之间的衡量。作为一个新概念,贸易和市场被视为全球力量的经济纽带。1944年《布雷顿森林协定》确认了一个明显的转变,该协定不仅开创了国际货币体系,而且建立了两个中央银行机构,即国际货币基金组织(IMF)和世界银行(World Bank),以监督全球经济。这些代表了战后美洲帝国经济基础设施的第一块木板。美国在政治上利用国际货币基金组织、世界银行和其他国际组织的利益。通过这些国际组织,各国受到胁迫并被美国控制。 

美国启动了元帅计划,重建了饱受战争蹂躏的西欧,并与他们结成了强大的联盟。建设基础设施,改善连通性,以及美国对欧洲的影响。作为联合国的东道主,在联合国的领导下成立了几个组织,为国际组织提供了大量的资金,这使得美国影响了这些组织并统治了世界。在世界各地建立军事基地和海军霸权确保了美国的霸权地位。有人目睹了政权更迭、支持叛乱、和暗杀几个反对美国的世界领导人。美国正在建立亲美的傀儡政府,培养说客,并帮助他们在外国担任关键决策职位,这保证了美国的利益。 

自由的移民政策,帮助美国吸引了全世界最优秀的人才,他们是美国发展的实际贡献者。

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美利坚帝国的衰落 

1991年前苏联解体后,美国是单极世界上一个独特的超级大国,在其鼎盛时期,美国变得过于骄傲、贪婪和咄咄逼人。它开始一个接一个地犯错。并在反恐战争、中东战争、阿富汗战争等战争中代价惨重。另一方面,中国的崛起、俄罗斯的复兴是威胁美国霸权的主要因素。

阿富汗和叙利亚的惨败迫使美国撤军。伊朗将军遇刺事件反弹,美国在世界范围内失去了声誉。废除伊朗核协议、禁止与俄罗斯签署自由天空协议、与中国展开贸易战、退出世卫组织、暂停向联合国组织提供资金,这些只是美国垮台的几个参数。 

与预期相反,当盟国最需要美国的帮助时,美国却无法将他们从流行病中拯救出来。大流行已经彻底暴露了美国的问题,美国传统的领导作用在任何地方都不见了。不幸的是,由于COVID-19,美国成为受感染人数最多、死亡人数最多的国家。

 

只要美国经济好,人们就有钱,过着舒适的生活,这根本没有问题。一旦经济受到影响,无论是由于流行病还是计划不周,人们都会变得心烦意乱和疯狂。到处都能感觉到广泛的动乱、暴力和不容忍现象。美国社会正朝着更加混乱和不稳定的方向发展。抗议活动几乎席卷了整个国家,宵禁和“当场射击”进一步加剧了骚乱。美国是一个“枪支文化”社会,如果不及时采取适当措施,美国可能会进入下一阶段的危险暴力。 

中情局以其颠覆、暴力、破坏、暗杀和推翻世界各地不友好政府的行为而闻名,但并没有受过处理美国国内抗议活动的训练。美国军队严重缺乏解决家庭暴力问题的能力,甚至连白宫都不安全,特朗普总统和他的家人必须被转移到安全的地方。 

如果不及时采取适当措施,美利坚帝国的崩溃是不可避免的。智囊团和有远见的个人可能会出面拯救美国,也可能导致类似内战的局面。

 

消息来源:ASIA PACIFIC DAILY


附件:本报“时事评论员”巴铁泽米尔简介


Zamir Awan,泽米尔阿万,笔名:巴铁泽米尔。现任巴基斯坦国立科技大学中国研究中心副主任。巴基斯坦驻中国大使馆原科技参赞。泽米尔生于196231日,80年代在中国留过学。在上海大学获得学士与硕士学位,机械专业。

2010年,在巴基斯坦驻华大使馆,担任参赞,负责中巴两国之间科技交流与发展科技合作。中巴两国政治关系非常密切,通称“铁哥们儿全天候战列合作伙伴”的关系。科技算战略地位,所以两国也重视科技交流与合作。

泽米尔阿万,利用他在中国学习时学过的知识(包括农业、林业、生物学、健康业、工业、水电、能源、高等教育等等)加强了合作关系。签订了不少合同与协议,推动力不少项目。

他为巴中两国人民之间的友谊做了不少的工作,特别一带一路与巴中经济走廊方面。在他的任期中,在两国关系发展壮大。


Editor's note: the author is Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan, Sinologist (ex-Diplomat), Editor, Analyst, Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Center for China and Globalization), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.

 

Either declared or unacknowledged, the roots of the American Empire, go back to the World Wars Era. In October 1940, report to Franklin Roosevelt, Bowman wrote that "the U.S. government is interested in any solution anywhere in the world that affects American Trade. In a broad sense, commerce is the mother of all wars." In 1942 this economic globalism was articulated as the "Grand Area" concept in secret documents. The U.S. would have to have control over the "Western Hemisphere, Continental Europe and Mediterranean Basin (excluding Russia), the Pacific Area and the Far East, and the British Empire (excluding Canada)." The Grand Area encompassed all known major oil-bearing areas outside the Soviet Union, mainly at the behest of corporate partners like the Foreign Oil Committee and the Petroleum Industry War Council. The U.S. thus avoided overt territorial acquisition, like that of the British and French empires, as being too costly, choosing the cheaper option of forcing countries to open their door to American capitalism.

 

American imperialism comprises policies aimed at extending the political, economic, and cultural influence of the United States over areas beyond its boundaries. Either it may include military conquest, gunboat diplomacy, unequal treaties, subsidization of preferred factions, or economic penetration through private companies followed by intervention when those interests are threatened, or regime change.

 

Although the United States was the last major belligerent to join World War II, it began planning for the post-war world from the conflict's outset. This postwar vision originated in the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), an economic elite-led organization that became integrated into the government leadership. CFR's War and Peace Studies group offered its services to the State Department in 1939, and a secret partnership for post-war planning developed. CFR leaders Hamilton Fish Armstrong and Walter H. Mallory saw World War II as a "grand opportunity" for the U.S. to emerge as "the premier power in the world."

 

The original vision of the empire assumed the necessity of the U.S. to "police the world" in the aftermath of world war II. It was not done primarily out of altruism, but out of economic interests.

 

Better than the American Century or the Pax Americana, the notion of an American Lebensraum captures the specific and global historical geography of U.S. ascension to power. After World War II, global power would no longer be measured in terms of colonized land or influence over the territory. Instead, global power was measured indirectly in economic terms. As a new concept, Trade and markets figured as the economic nexuses of global power. A visible shift confirmed in the 1944 Bretton Woods agreement, which not only inaugurated an international currency system but also established two central banking institutions—the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (W.B.)—to oversee the global economy. These represented the first planks of the economic infrastructure of the postwar American Empire. The U.S. was exploiting IMF, World Bank, and other International Organizations in their interest politically. Nations were coerced and brought under the U.S. control through such International Organizations.  

The U.S. launched the Marshal Programme and reconstructed war-torn Western Europe and gained a strong alliance with them. Building Infrastructure, improved connectivity, and American influence over Europe. Hosting the U.N. and the creation of several organizations under U.N., liberal funding of International Organizations, led Americ to influence them and dominate the world. Establishing military bases around the World and Naval supremacy ensured American hegemony. Regime change, supporting insurgencies, revolts, and assassinations of several world leaders opposing America was witnessed. The U.S. was installing pro-American puppet Governments, cultivating lobbyists, and helping them to be appointed on the key-decision making positions in foreign countries, guaranteed American interests.

 

Liberal immigration policies, helped the U.S. to attract the best brains worldwide, who are the actual contributor to the development of America.

 

The decline of the American Empire

 

At its peak after the disintegration of the former USSR in 1991, a unique Superpower in the unipolar world, the U.S. became too proudgreedy and aggressive. It started making mistakes and blunders one after another. The War on Terror, Middle-east Wars, Afghan Wars, etc., has cost heavily. On the other hand, the rise of China, the revival of Russia, were the major factors threatening American Hegemony.

 

A humiliating defeat in Afghanistan, and Syria, forced the U.S. to pull out its troops. The assassination of the Iranian General bounced backed, and the U.S. lost its reputation worldwide. Scraping the Iran-Nuclear deal, banning free sky agreement with Russia, launching a trade war with China, exit from WHO, suspension of funding to U.N. organizations, are only a few parameters of American downfall.

 

Contrary to the expectations, when the allies needed the U.S. help most, the Americans could not rescue them from Pandemic. Pandemic has exposed the U.S. completely; the American traditional leadership role was not visible anywhere. Unfortunately, the U.S. became the worst-hit country with the highest number of infections and well as the highest death toll due to COVID-19.

 

As long as the American Economy was good, people were rich and enjoying a comfortable life; there was no issue at all. As soon as the economy suffered, either due to Pandemic or poor planning, but people became upset and crazy. Widespread unrest is felt everywhere; violence and intolerance were observed. The U.S. society is moving toward more chaos and instability. Protests have engulfed almost the whole country, curfew, and "shoot at the spot," are further fueled the unrest. America is a "gun-Culture" society and can move into the next stage of dangerous violence if appropriate measures are not taken in time.

 

The CIA has known for its acts of subversion, violence, sabotage, assassinations, and toppling unfriendly governments around the world, but were not trained to handle protests inside America. American forces are severely lacking to address the domestic violence, even the white house is not safe, and President Trump, along with his family, has to be moved to a safe place.

 

If appropriate measures are not placed in time, the collapse of the American Empire is inevitable. The intellects think tanks and visionary individuals may come out to rescue America, or it may lead toward a civil war-like situation.

 

(ASIA PACIFIC DAILY)






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关键字:要聞、時政、國際

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