时事评论:加强中阿友好纽带

  • 時間:   2020-07-11      
  • 作者:   巴铁泽米尔      
  • 來源:   澳门法治报     
  • 瀏覽人數:  6054

和中国一样,阿拉伯也是一个古老的文明国家,他们有许多共同之处。两者都是东方文明,都珍视自己的传统。这两个国家都曾遭受过西方殖民主义,是西方暴行的受害者。目前这两个国家仍然面临着西方世界长期以来所制造的严峻挑战。

  

中阿关系从历史上可以一直延伸到第一个哈里发国家,那时双方就拥有重要的贸易路线和良好的外交关系。中国商人在欧洲周游,阿拉伯商人也经常访问中国。阿拉伯各国与中国有着悠久的友好合作历史。一些阿拉伯商人在中国定居,回族穆斯林大多是这些商人的后裔。中国穆斯林在整个历史上对国家的发展起着至关重要的作用。

  

在过去的几十年里,美国及其盟友摧毁了阿拉伯世界。反恐战争的目的是摧毁阿拉伯人,要么是伊拉克、利比亚、叙利亚、埃及、也门或突尼斯。甚至富裕的石油输出国,海湾合作委员会也是受害者。一方面,美国以极高的代价为海合会统治者提供保护,包括财政成本和政治成本。另一方面,用伊朗的竞争威胁他们,迫使他们购买昂贵的武器。在911事件之后,布什总统宣布对穆斯林世界发动了十字军东征。

 

阿拉伯世界存在着强烈的反美情绪,甚至有些统治者表面上支持美国,但内心深处却憎恨美国。公众公开表达不满和反美情绪。


微信图片_20200711134420.png


这就是为什么中国有广阔的发展空间。反美情绪有助于推行中国的一些积极主张。大多数阿拉伯国家都把目光投向了中国,这是基于他们的社会经济发展以及他们的安全和防务需要。“一带一路”倡议是一个正在迅速发展的强大纽带,越来越多的国家加入并支持“一带一路”倡议。中国是一个绝望的阿拉伯世界的强烈希望。

  

202076日,中阿合作论坛第九届部长级会议通过视频连线举行。会议由国务委员兼外长王毅和约旦外交侨务部长萨法迪共同主持,阿拉伯国家联盟(阿盟)各成员国外长或部长级官员以及阿盟秘书长艾哈迈德·阿布勒盖特出席。

  

习近平主席明白阿拉伯世界的重要性及其政治和经济潜力。他给会议发了一封贺信。国务委员兼外交部长王毅与约旦外交侨务部长萨法迪共同主持会议,发表了主题演讲和总结讲话。阿拉伯联盟秘书长和所有21个阿拉伯联盟成员国的外交部长在会议上致辞。

  

召开这次会议并非易事。随着COVID-19在世界各地肆虐,全人类的未来与各国的命运空前地交织在一起。这一流行病的出现影响到中国和所有阿拉伯国家,并迫使阿拉伯国家之间的许多机构会议取消或推迟。尽管如此,双方还是共同努力克服困难,如期举行了这次会议。这次会议具有深远意义,体现了中国和阿拉伯国家共同抗击COVID-19并推进中阿战略伙伴关系的决心。


微信图片_20200711134437.png


经过讨论,中阿达成了《中国与阿拉伯国家关于声援COVID-19的联合声明》、《中阿合作论坛第九届部长级会议安曼宣言》、《中阿合作论坛2020-2022年执行计划》三份成果文件。


通过《中国和阿拉伯国家关于声援COVID-19的联合声明》,中国和阿拉伯国家凝聚了共同的力量,双方要共同抗击疫情,共渡难关。双方强调,团结合作是国际社会战胜疫情的最有力武器,呼吁在共同抗击COVID-19的斗争中,中阿两国要建设命运共同体和健康共同体。双方强调多边主义的重要性,进一步加强和完善以联合国为中心的全球治理体系,支持世卫组织发挥重要领导作用,呼吁国际社会加强协调,形成合力,反对对任何特定国家、地区、民族、个人的歧视。中方愿继续协助阿拉伯国家抗击疫情。


《安曼宣言》的通过表明了中国和阿拉伯国家相互支持、患难与共的政治意愿。在前一次部长级会议上,习近平主席提出了“共同建设中国阿拉伯共同体,共同开创新的未来”的倡议,这是双方的共识。双方同意在适当时机举行中阿首脑会议,并将建设有共同未来的中阿共同体的议题列入峰会议程。



阿拉伯国家强调,他们支持中国在香港问题上的立场,支持中国在“一国两制”框架下维护国家安全的努力,反对外国干涉中国内政。他们支持中国的主权和领土完整,坚持一个中国原则,反对一切形式的“台独”。他们支持中国的预防性反恐措施和去极端化努力。他们反对宗教极端分子、分裂分子和恐怖势力的反华活动。



通过《2020-2022年执行计划》,中国和阿拉伯国家规划了未来务实合作和共同发展。双方在政治、经济、能源、产能、科技、卫生等20个领域达成107项合作措施。


未来,中阿两国将共同重塑地缘政治格局。目前,阿拉伯人还没有团结一致,政治力量也相对薄弱,但他们具有巨大的团结潜力,可以在未来发挥关键作用。阿拉伯人可以重振他们辉煌的过去,为世界其他地区作出积极贡献。这次会议将阿拉伯世界与中国的友谊与合作推向了一个新的高度。未来的日子里,在各个领域的合作将更加明显。


附件:本报时事评论员巴铁泽米尔简介


微信图片_20200606080429.jpg

Zamir Awan,泽米尔阿万,笔名:巴铁泽米尔。现任巴基斯坦国立科技大学中国研究中心副主任。巴基斯坦驻中国大使馆原科技参赞。泽米尔生于196231日,80年代在中国留过学。在上海大学获得学士与硕士学位,机械专业。

2010年,在巴基斯坦驻华大使馆,担任参赞,负责中巴两国之间科技交流与发展科技合作。中巴两国政治关系非常密切,通称“铁哥们儿全天候战列合作伙伴”的关系。科技算战略地位,所以两国也重视科技交流与合作。

泽米尔阿万,利用他在中国学习时学过的知识(包括农业、林业、生物学、健康业、工业、水电、能源、高等教育等等)加强了合作关系。签订了不少合同与协议,推动力不少项目。

他为巴中两国人民之间的友谊做了不少的工作,特别一带一路与巴中经济走廊方面。在他的任期中,在两国关系发展壮大。



Editor's note: The author is Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan,Sinologist (ex-Diplomat), Editor, Analyst, Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Centerfor China and Globalization), National University of Sciences and Technology(NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.


Like China, Arabs are also an old civilization and share many things in common. Bothare Eastern civilizations and value their traditions. Both have suffered fromWestern Colonialization and victims of the Western brutalities. Both are stillfacing severe challenges, created by Western World for long.


Sino-Arab relations have extended historically back to the first Caliphate, withimportant trade routes, and excellent diplomatic relations. Chinese traderswere vesting the Arab World touring Europe, and Arab Traders were visitingChina frequently. There exists a long history of Friendship and cooperationbetween various Arab countries and China. Some of the Arab traders settled inChina, and (Huizu) Chinese Muslims are mostly descendants of those traders.Chinese Muslims played a vital role in the development of the countrythroughout history.


For the last couple of decades, the US and its allies destroyed the Arab World. Waron terror was aimed to crush Arabs; either it is Iraq, Libya, Syria, Egypt,Yemen, or Tunisia. Even the rich oil-exporting countries GCC are the victimtoo. On the one hand, the US provides protection to the GCC rulers at a veryhigh cost, which includes financial cost as well as political price. On theother hand, threatening them with Iran's rivalry and forcing them to buyexpensive weapons. President Bush announced the launch of the crusade againstthe Muslim World after the 9/11 engineered drama. 

Thereexist strong anti-America sentiments throughout the Arab World, even some ofthe rulers support America on the surface but hate America from the core of theheart. The general public openly expresses dissatisfaction and anti-Americasentiments.


That is why there exists a vast space for China. It is anti-America sentiments,which helps China to assert positively. Most of the Arab countries are lookingtoward China for their socio-economic development as well as for their securityand defense needs. Belt and Road Initiatives (BRI) is a strong bond developingrapidly; more and more countries are joining and supporting BRI. 

China is astrong hope for a desperate Arab World.


On 6 July 2020, the ninth Ministerial Conference of the China-Arab StatesCooperation Forum (CASCF) was held via video link. The Conference wasco-chaired by State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi and JordanianMinister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates Ayman Hussein Abdullah Al-Safadi,and attended by foreign ministers or ministerial-level officials of all memberstates of the League of Arab States (LAS) and LAS Secretary-General AhmedAboulGheit.


President Xi Jinping understands the importance of the Arab World and its political andeconomic potential. He sent a congratulatory letter to the meeting. StateCouncilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi and Jordan's Minister of Foreign Affairsand Expatriates Ayman Safadi co-chaired the meeting and delivered keynote andconcluding remarks. The meeting was addressed by the Arab LeagueSecretary-General and foreign ministers of all the 21 Arab League memberstates.


It was no easy feat to hold this meeting. As COVID-19 wreaks havoc around theWorld, the future of all humankind and the destinies of all countries areunprecedentedly intertwined. The advent of this pandemic affected China and allArab states and forced the cancellation or postponement of many institutionalmeetings between Arab states. Despite all these, both sides made joint effortsto overcome difficulties and hold this meeting as scheduled. This meeting bearsfar-reaching significance as it reflects the determination of China and Arabstates to fight COVID-19 and advance China-Arab strategic partnership together.


After discussions, three outcome documents were reached, namely the joint statementof China and Arab states on solidarity against COVID-19, the Amman declarationof the ninth ministerial meeting of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum,and the execution plan for 2020-2022 of the China-Arab Cooperation Forum.


Through the joint statement of China and Arab states on solidarity against COVID-19,China and Arab countries have gathered collective strength to fight theepidemics and tide over the difficulties together. Both sides stressed thatsolidarity and cooperation is the most potent weapon for the internationalcommunity to defeat the outbreaks, and called for the building of a communitywith a shared future and a community of health between China and Arab states inthe joint fight against COVID-19. Both sides underlined the importance ofmultilateralism, the need to strengthen further and improve the UN-centeredglobal governance system, support the critical leading role of WHO, and call onthe international community to enhance coordination and form synergy and standagainst discrimination against any specific country, region, ethnic group orindividual. China is ready to continue assisting Arab states in fighting theepidemics.


The adoption of the Amman declaration demonstrates the political will of China andArab states to support each other and share weal and woe. At the previousministerial meeting, President Xi Jinping put forward the initiative of"jointly building a China-Arab community with a shared future for a newera," which became a bilateral consensus. The two sides agreed to hold aChina-Arab summit at an appropriate time and to include the topic of building aChina-Arab community with a shared future into the agenda of the summit.

 

The Arab states emphasized that they support China's position on Hong Kong-relatedmatters, support China's efforts to safeguard national security under theframework of "one country, two systems," and oppose foreigninterference in China's internal affairs. They support China's sovereignty andterritorial integrity, adhere to the one-China principle, and oppose"Taiwan independence" in all forms. They support China's preventivecounter-terrorism measures and de-radicalization efforts. They oppose anti-Chinaseparatist activities carried out by religious extremists, separatists, andterrorist forces.


Through the execution plan for 2020-2022, China and Arab states have mapped outpractical cooperation and joint development in the future. The two sides have reached107 cooperation measures in 20 areas, including politics, economy, energy,production capacity, science, technology, and health.


Sino-Arab sjointly will reshape the geopolitics in the days to come. Currently, Arabs arenot united and politically weak but possess significant potential to unite andplay a crucial role in the future. Arabs may revive their glorious past andcontribute to the rest of the World positively. The Conference has set-up a newheight of Friendship and cooperation between the Arab World and China. It seemsmore collaboration in the various field will be visible in the days tocome. 


(ASIAPACIFIC DAILY)


责任编辑:cls
关键字:要聞、時政、國際

評論區

發布
    • 相关内容推荐